Did a member of your family serve in the First World War? Were any from East Belfast? Bring along your artefacts and stories to the Titanic People First World War Roadshow in East Belfast Network Centre on Saturday 6 June 2015, from 10am - 3pm. 10.30am Launch of Row on Row, East Belfast Remembers 11am The Shipyard and the Home Front during the First World War - Philip Orr 1.30pm Researching East Belfast and the First World War - Jason Burke 2.45pm Playing of the Last post - The Hounds of Ulster History Hub Ulster member Nigel Henderson will be available all day to provide tips and pointers on conducting your own First World War family research.
EXPLORE life in Ireland a century ago, CONTRIBUTE to a crowdsourced history project, LEARN about how a digital archive is created, DISCOVER hidden stories of 1916. Bring your family letters written between 1 November 1915 - 31 October 1916 to digitize and add to the Letters 1916 archive: WHERE: PRONI WHEN: Thursday 28th May 2015, 5.30pm to 9.00pm 5.30pm - 6.30pm Open Session - Letters 1916 - Meet the team demo, transcribe, digitise. 6.30pm- 7.45pm A year in the life: A series of talks exploring life in Ireland a century ago highlighting letters from PRONI’S collection, including Professor Susan Schreibman (Maynooth University), Ian Montgomery (Public Record Office of Northern Ireland), Stephen Scarth (Public Record Office of Northern Ireland), Jason Burke (East Belfast & The Great War) 7.45pm - 8.30pm Reception Admission is FREE, Please contact PRONI to secure your place
The Gallipoli campaign resulted in the deaths of over 100,000 Allied and Turkish servicemen in just eight months. Serving both at sea and on land, the Royal Navy and Royal Naval Division lost many men in what was to become an unmitigated military disaster of poor planning that resulted in the loss of more than 44,000 Allied lives. In contrast, the defence of Gallipoli was the Ottoman Empire’s most successful military operation of the war. One example of the local losses during the Gallipoli campaign is the loss of HMS Goliath on 13 May 1915. In total 73 men from Ireland were lost on this ship. In 1911, Coonagh, a small village in Limerick was recorded as having only 48 households of 202 people. Of these 98 were male and only 48 men were between the ages of 18 and 49 in the village. Of these men, 8 died on HMS Goliath. Seven of these men were fishermen like their fathers, the other an agricultural labourer. The impact of this loss is still felt today as Mick Cronin from Coonagh is currently fundraising for a memorial to these lost men. The ages of the men lost on the ship ranged from 17 to 55 years old, the average age being over 30. Despite the myth that World War One was a ‘young man’s war’, there were many very experienced seamen who died at sea. This includes Armourer Michael Meyler from Wexford who was 55 years old when he died, and noted as a pensioner, and Petty Officer James John Beauchamp who was 48 when he died. Following in his coastguard father’s footsteps, James was a coastguard in Castleblaney. The youngest Irishman to die on Goliath was Boy (1st Class) Philip Duffy, a Monaghan lad. His service record notes his full enlistment on 23 August 1915, however he never made it to that date and his death date precedes his enlistment date. The 73 Irish casualties who died during the sinking of HMS Goliath were from the following areas: 16 from Cork, 9 from Waterford, 9 from Belfast, 8 each from Dublin and Limerick, 6 from Wexford, 3 from Derry, 2 each from Monaghan, Down and Carlow, 1 from Antrim, Donegal, Wicklow, Kerry, Tipperary, Meath, Sligo and Louth. Another Irishman, Signaller Frederick Parnell Waterson was severely wounded in action on HMS Goliath on 3 May 1915 during operations in the Dardanelles, died on 1 June 1915 of pneumonia. Previously a plumber, Frederick is buried at the Royal Naval Cemetery in Capuccini, Malta. HMS Goliath was a pre-dreadnought battleship built by the Royal Navy in the late 19th century. Having been mothballed prior to the outbreak of the First World War, she was returned to full commission. Goliath was part of the Allied fleet supporting the landing at X and Y Beaches during the landing at Cape Helles on 25 April, sustaining some damage from the gunfire of Ottoman Turkish forts and shore batteries, and supported allied troops ashore. On the night of 12th May, Goliath was anchored in off Cape Helles, along with HMS Cornwallis and a screen of five destroyers. Around 1am the Turkish torpedo boat destroyer Muâvenet-i Millîye eluded the destroyers and closed on the battleships firing two torpedoes which struck Goliath almost simultaneously causing a massive explosion. Goliath began to capsize almost immediately, and was lying on her beam ends when a third torpedo struck. She then rolled over and sank taking 570 of her 700 crew to the bottom, including her commanding officer. Although sighted and fired on after the first torpedo hit, Muâvenet-i Millîye escaped unscathed. Goliath was the fourth Allied pre-dreadnought battleship to be sunk in the Dardanelles. For sinking Goliath, Turkish Captain of Muâvenet-i Millîye, Ahmet Saffet Bey was promoted to rank of Commander (Major) and awarded the Gold Medal. The German consultant, Kapitänleutnant Rudolph Firle was awarded the Gold Medal by the Ottoman sultan and the Iron Cross (1st class) by the German General Staff. To read how History Hub Ulster remembered those Irishmen lost on HMS Goliath please click here. Irishmen lost on HMS Goliath were: Seaman Richard Allen RNR, from Coonagh, Limerick Seaman Maurice Cronin RNR from Coonagh, Limerick Seaman Patrick Cronin RNR from Coonagh, Limerick Seaman Patrick Darby RNR from Coonagh, Limerick Seaman John Davis RNR from Coonagh, Limerick Seaman Thomas Davis RNR from Coonagh, Limerick Seaman Thomas Grimes RNR from Coonagh, Limerick Seaman Michael Hickey RNR from Coonagh, Limerick Leading Seaman Michael Coleman RN from Aghada, Cork Stoker Thomas Webb RNR from Bantry, Cork Seaman Patrick Sweeney RNR from Castletown, Cork Petty Officer James Crowley RN from CastleLyons, Cork Seaman Robert Arnopp RNR from Kinsale, Cork Seaman Daniel Collins RNR from Kinsale, Cork Seaman John Mahony RNR from Kinsale, Cork Seaman John Mahony RNR from Kinsale, Cork Seaman Patrick Regan RNR from Kinsale, Cork Able Seaman William Geoghean RN from Queenstown, Cork Petty Officer John Keane RN from Templerobin, Cork Gunner Charles McCarthy RN from Aghada, Cork Stoker (1st) Jeremiah Kearney RN from Nackbrown, Cork Shipwright (2nd) Richard Ahern RN from Youghal, Cork ERA John Joseph O’Flaherty RN from Cork Chief Stoker Denis O’Neill RN from Cork Seaman William Dempsey RNR from Blackwater, Wexford Stoker (1st) Patrick Murphy RN from Fethard, Wexford Seaman Patrick Kavanagh RNR from Kildermot, Wexford Seaman Michael Joseph Allen RNR from New Ross, Wexford Seaman William Barron RNR from Ballyhack, Wexford Armourer Michael Meyler RN from Wexford Stoker John Garvey RNR from Bray, Wicklow Stoker Myles Doran RNR from Carnew, Wicklow Cooper Michael Cunningham RN from Clashmor, Waterford Seaman James Flynn RNR from Corbally, Waterford Seaman Michael Flynn RNR from Corbally, Waterford Able Seaman James Mason RN from Passage East, Waterford Seaman James Walsh RNR from Passage East, Waterford Stoker (1st) Michael Power RN from Tallow, Waterford Petty Officer Michael Gyles RN from Tramore, Waterford Seaman Thomas Keohan RNR from Tramore, Waterford Seaman William Power RNR from Tramore, Waterford Able Seaman Richard McClatchie RN from Clonmel, Tipperary Stoker (1st) Peter Carroll RN from Clontarf, Dublin Chief ERA Robert Byrne RN from Dublin Stoker John Larkin RNR from Ringsend, Dublin Stoker Thomas Lee RNR from Dublin Able Seaman Frederick William McDowell RN from Dublin Seaman William McGee RNR from Rush, Dublin Stoker (1st) John Steel RN from Dublin Able Seaman George Edwin Upton RN from Dublin Stoker Francis McKeown RNR from Dundalk, Louth Able Seaman John Kearney RN from Slane, Meath Chief Yeoman of Signals Robert Kilcullen RN from Waste Gardens, Sligo Able Seaman George Wood RN from Valentia, Kerry Stoker Samuel Gibson RNR from Carlow Stoker (1st) Class Hector Hiles RN from Belfast Stoker Robert Jones RNR from Belfast Stoker John Jones RNR from Belfast Stoker John McAnally RNR from Belfast Stoker Robert John McDowell RNR from Belfast Stoker Thomas Warnock RNR from Belfast Seaman Gordon Douglas Simpson RNR from Belfast Stoker (1st) Class Hugh O’Donnell RN from Belfast Stoker Charles Holland RNR from Belfast Private Alexander Harkness RMLI from Ballygarvey, Antrim Able Seaman James Kelso RN from Kilkeel, Down Stoker (1st) Class William Ernest Beringer RN from Portaferry, Down Private Robert Hutchinson RMLI from Derry Leading Seaman John Doherty RN from Derry Seaman John Joseph Dennis RNR from Waterside, Derry Able Seaman Philip Wright RN from Ballyarnett, Donegal Petty Officer (1st) James John Beauchamp RN from Castleblayney, Monaghan Boy (1st) Class Philip Duffy RN from Clones, Monaghan Research by Karen O’Rawe, Chair History Hub Ulster. Photo by Aurora
Bonfires, effigies and gramophones, parades, bunting and fairy lights: How Lisburn celebrated VE Day on 8 May 1945By the end of April 1945 it was clear that World War 2 was coming to an end. The German Chancellor, Adolf Hitler had taken his own life on the last day of April. His successor, Admiral Donitz authorised the military surrender of Germany which took place on 7th May 1945. The British Prime Minister, Mr Winston Churchill declared the following day to be known as VE Day (Victory in Europe Day). A public holiday of two days was declared. Life in Lisburn was the same as in any other place in Northern Ireland. Among the advertisements in the weekly Lisburn Standard were the following: Girls Training Corps holding a parade and display; Wallace High School entry requirements; Welcome & Christian Workers' Union Mission Sunday School and Lisburn Variety Theatre with its Saturday Night Show. The annual RVH 'house to house' collection went on as normal. The Lisburn Standard was a weekly paper and the news relating to VE Day was written and published on Friday 11th May 1945. The paper described the events from Monday 7th May - a radio broadcast warned the nation to 'stand by' for an important announcement to be broadcast at 4pm. The locals listened to their radio sets at home and at work but no announcement came. The local Urban District Council meeting took place that night. At 7.45pm, the meeting was disturbed by a telephone call to Mr T H McConnell the Town Clerk. The caller said that the Prime Minister, Mr Churchill would announce VE Day at 3pm the following day, Tuesday. In addition, both Tuesday and Wednesday would be observed as general holidays. The local ARP (Air Raid Precautions) Officer, Mr R H Gibson soon broadcast the news over loud-speakers in Market Square, where it was then spread by pedestrians all over the town. Members of nursing, domestic and outdoor staff who were to work on the public holidays would be given two days double pay or two days holiday at a later date. Although the official celebrations were to start the next day, the townspeople showed their relief and pleasure in no uncertain manner. At 3pm, Mr Churchill's broadcast was relayed around Market Square to an attentive crowd who cheered when it was finished. An open-air religious service was held after the King made his speech. Streets were packed and crowds paraded up and down until the wee hours of Tuesday morning. A squad of Belgian soldiers billeted in Lisburn marched to Dunmurry and then back to Knockmore, singing 'Tipperary' and other songs made popular in wartime. They lighted an impromptu bonfire in Seymour Street, brought out a melodion and danced for hours. By the next day, the town had been plentifully decorated and looked really well. There were flags, bunting and decorations making the streets a riot of colour. At night, fairy lights and the glow of bonfires added to the gaiety of the scene. A few shop fronts were boarded up, but not many, with most shops displaying patriotic colours. Messrs J C Patterson's premises in Bow Street and the Picture House looked well with their fairy lights. Other grounds and buildings attracted considerable attention and the effect was impressive. Once again the celebrations lasted into the wee small hours. After a break of a few hours, the celebrations continued into Wednesday evening. Everyone was out, young and old, in gay attire. The girls were in their light summer dresses for it was an ideal, warm summer day. (The paper emphasised that it was now at liberty to describe the weather without regard to security). Parties were numerous and animated. In the streets, the people forgot their habitual reserve and sang, danced and made merry with one another as though they were all acquainted. Bonfires burned. Effigies of Adolf Hitler were burnt with zest. Gramophone records were relayed over improvised loud-speaker systems. Children were entertained by street groups. There was no thought of bed in most people's mind. Anyone who tried got no sleep at all. Wednesday was more subdued, until the night came. By then, most folk were thoroughly tired out. There was talk of just having the task of 'knocking-out Japan'. No one could tell when VA Day (Victory in Asia Day) would come. Celebrations weren't just for Lisburn; Dunmurry went wild with joy. Impromptu bands paraded on the Monday night through to Wednesday. Mr Robert Green and a large team of local boys worked on a huge bonfire. It was lit on the Tuesday night by Mrs Beattie J.P. Again, an effigy of Hitler and his detested and discredited swastika perished in the flames. Finaghy too, had its bonfire and a Hitler effigy burnt. Following the declaration of peace, advertising changed in the following week’s Lisburn Standard. The Belfast Savings Bank told of the 'Dove of Peace' spreading its wings. A 'Victory Queen' contest was announced. Christ Church was to hold a 'Thanksgiving for Victory' service and Railway Street Presbyterian Church would hold a 'Thanksgiving and Dedication' service. Research - Gavin Bamford, Member, History Hub Ulster Thanks also to Catherine Burrell, member History Hub Ulster and Lisburn Museum.
On 30 April 1915, the Lusitania was in New York, being loaded with food and medical supplies. She was also secretly loaded with munitions for Britain for the war. On the same day, Kapitänleutnant Walther Schwieger was ordered to take U-boat 20 into the Irish Channel to destroy ships going to and from Liverpool. On 1 May 1915, the Lusitania embarked on its crossing of the Atlantic with 1257 passengers and a crew of 702 under the command of Captain William Turner. On 5 May, U-20 tried to destroy but missed several ships, including several neutral ones. That day, he destroyed the Earl of Lathom. The next day he fired two torpedoes at the Candidate, a steamer from Liverpool. The same day he destroyed another ship, the Centurion. On 7 May the Lusitania entered the Irish Channel. Contrary to orders to travel at full speed in the submarine war zone around Great Britain, Captain Turner slowed the ship down because of fog. As a precaution, Captain Turner posted extra lookouts and brought the lifeboats out. Meanwhile U-20 was travelling west in the Irish Channel and sighted the Juno, a cruiser. It’s zigzag path made it difficult for a submarine to fire at and so it escaped. Captain Turner of the Lusitania did not do this because he felt that it wasted time and fuel. At 1:20pm British time, Schwieger sighted something of note. ‘Starboard ahead four funnels and two masts of a steamer with course at right angles to us’ He submerged and waited until at 1:40pm when the ship turned towards him, and fired a single torpedo. The 18 year old lookout on the Lusitania grabbed his megaphone and shouted to the bridge: ‘Torpedoes coming on the starboard side.’ Thomas Quinn, a lookout in the crow’s nest, saw the torpedo's wake and sounded the alarm. There was a large explosion at the side of the ship just ahead of the second funnel. Then there was a larger, muffled explosion from the bottom of the ship. The ship tilted to the right and although the power failed, Captain Turner attempted to steer the Lusitania toward land in an attempt to beach her. Without power the rudder and engines did not respond and the watertight doors could not be closed. Although the Lusitania had adequate lifeboats for all on board, most lifeboats simply could not be launched. Due to the list, the lifeboats on the port side could not be launched. The starboard side boats swung out so far that many passengers had to jump from the deck to the lifeboats, risking falling into the water far below. A few lifeboats were launched that contained only crew members. Other lifeboats capsized and some were damaged when the torpedo hit the ship. The Lusitania sank below the waves shortly before 2pm. It sank in only 90 metres of water, and since the ship was 239 metres long, the bow hit the bottom of the ocean while the stern was still up in the air. Captain Turner jumped into the water as the bridge was about to go under. He swam for 3 hours until he finally found a nearby lifeboat. The distress signals sent from the Lusitania reached Queenstown, where the Vice Admiral Sir Charles Coke gathered up whatever ships were available and told their captains to sail to where the Lusitania was. They arrived 2 hours after the sinking. They picked up any people still alive in the water and only 6 lifeboats. 761 survivors were collected by boats from Queenstown. 1198 people died. Some Ulster passengers lost on the Lusitania were: Frank Houston, the only son of Mr and Mrs Houston of Fernbrook Cottage, Carnmoney Road. Thomas McAfee, originally from Belfast, who had moved to Toronto was coming home to enlist. He had worked at the York Street Spinning Mill and his sisters lived at Summer Street, Belfast. Also lost was his friend Robert McCready who had emigrated to Canada a few years before. He was a photographer employed by Charles ad Russell photographers, Royal Avenue, Belfast. His father was William McCready of Oldpark Road, Belfast. Some crew with Ulster addresses who died on the Lusitania were: Isaac Linton, aged 48, and Michael Corboy, aged 49 both fireman from County Down. Michael Rice, aged 60 and Patrick Campbell aged 35 both firemen from Newry. Another Newry man lost was Patrick Loughran, a trimmer aged only 19 from Queen Street in Newry. Kenneth Mackenzie, aged 25, a waiter from Belfast. Trimmer William Field from Ship Street in Belfast was also lost, aged 31. Edward Finnegan, aged 22, a trimmer from Castleblaney in Monaghan. Sadie O’Hale aged 29, a ship’s typist from Ballymena. Edward J Heighway an able seaman from Strangford was saved. Also saved were Able Seaman James Hume from Canmore Street, Belfast and Fireman Stephen Rice from Armagh. Research: Karen O'Rawe, Chair, History Hub Ulster Newspaper Pictures: Nigel Henderson, Member, History Hub Ulster